A healthy soil has a great diversity of soil life. This we define as a soil of good quality soil, or sustainable soil. In fact, a soil full of micro-organisms provides nutrients and water to plants, and such a soil has a good structure. All soil organisms, including earth worms, nematodes, soil fungi and bacteria, contribute to this fact.
A fascinating and important group of fungi in the soil are the symbiotic living mycorrhizal fungi. The hyphae are connected with the roots of plants and trees. Also, the majority of agricultural crops associate with mycorrhizal fungi. The fungi absorb nutrients from the soil and through their hyphae they pass them to the roots. In exchange for the absorption of nutrients, the fungi receive carbon in the form of sugars derived from the photosynthesis of the plants and trees.
Value of mycorrhizal fungi
Mycorrhizal fungi are important because they release nutrients to plants and trees from the soil. They act as natural fertilizers.
Application of mycorrhizal fungi leads to improved root development and plant growth. The germination is effectively promoted by mycorrhizal fungi.
Significant yield improvements are possible with use of mycorrhizal fungi. The best effects are achieved when mycorrhizal fungi are applied that are specific to the plant species and the environment. Increasing the effectiveness of mycorrhizal fungi is possible by the combined application of mycorrhizal fungi and other soil organisms.
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